Odontogenic fibroma is a rare benign mesenchymal odontogenic tumor, with its histological diversity possibly posing diagnostic challenges. A case of the amyloid variant of central odontogenic fibroma, with epithelial cells in perineural and intraneural locations, is reported herein. The 46-year-old female patient had experienced discomfort related to her anterior right hard palate for approximately 25 years. Clinical examination revealed a depression in the anterior hard palate, and radiographic examination showed a well-defined radiolucent lesion with root resorption of the adjacent teeth. Histologically, the well-circumscribed tumor was composed of hypocellular collagenous connective tissue with small islands of odontogenic epithelium. In addition, the juxta-epithelial deposition of amyloid globules without calcification and epithelial cells in perineural and intraneural locations were observed, which posed a diagnostic challenge in differentiating the lesion from the non-calcifying variant of calcifying epithelial odontogenic tumor and sclerosing odontogenic carcinoma. However, on the basis of the clinical and radiographic findings, which were suggestive of a benign and slowly progressive process given the corticated, unilocular radiolucency, the considerable root resorption, and the long history of this finding in an otherwise healthy patient, the final diagnosis was amyloid variant of central odontogenic fibroma. Increased recognition of this variant of odontogenic fibroma and its differentiation from other more aggressive lesions could help the clinician to avoid overdiagnosis and overtreatment.
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Published online: February 17, 2023
Accepted: January 12, 2023
Publication stageIn Press Corrected Proof
© 2023 International Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.