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Efficacy of the autogenous dentin graft for implant placement: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Published:October 31, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2022.10.014

      Abstract

      The aim of this study was to determine whether the autogenous dentin graft (ADG) shows comparable results and similar clinical performance to other graft materials when utilized for implant placement. Four databases were searched, and controlled human studies that applied autogenous dentin for implant surgery, comparing it with other bone grafts, were included. Nine articles met the inclusion criteria, five of which were randomized controlled trials and were included in the meta-analysis. ADG showed equivalent primary and secondary implant stability when compared to Bio-Oss (primary: mean difference −0.74, 95% confidence interval (CI) − 3.36 to 1.88, P = 0.58; secondary: mean difference − 1.29, 95% CI − 5.69 to 3.11, P = 0.57). The standardized mean difference (SMD) of marginal bone loss at 6 months and at the final follow-up (18 months) showed the two grafts to be similar (6 months: SMD −0.26, 95% CI −0.64 to 0.12, P = 0.18; final follow-up: SMD −0.12, 95% CI −0.50 to 0.26, P = 0.53), and survival after immediate implant placement was the same in the two groups: 97.37% and 97.30%, respectively. Incidences of complications with the autogenous dentin particles or blocks were in line with those of Bio-Oss or autogenous bone blocks, respectively. This meta-analysis indicates that the autogenous dentin graft is an effective option for bone augmentation around dental implants, with acceptable implant stability, marginal bone loss, and incidences of complications and failure.

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