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Clinical features and overall survival of osteosarcoma of the mandible

Published:October 12, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2022.10.005

      Abstract

      Osteosarcoma is the most common bone sarcoma and is typically found in the distal femur, proximal tibia, and proximal humerus. While several factors are known to influence survival, less is known regarding the influence of primary tumor location. This study describes the clinical features and prognosis of mandibular osteosarcoma. The SEER database was utilized to identify cases of mandibular osteosarcoma diagnosed between 2004 and 2015. Sex, age, grade, histological subtype, tumor size, tumor extension, presence of metastasis at diagnosis, and therapeutic intervention were determined. Osteosarcomas originating from other sites were assessed for comparison. There were 164 cases of mandibular osteosarcoma identified, representing 5.5% of all surveyed osteosarcomas. The 2-, 5-, and 10-year overall survival rates were 79.9%, 65.6% and 58.5%, respectively. Survival was worse for patients with older age, larger tumor size, metastatic disease, and absence of surgical resection. Compared to other sites, mandibular osteosarcomas were significantly smaller tumors and were far less likely to metastasize. Mandibular osteosarcoma manifested at an older age than the more common extremity osteosarcomas and presented with smaller tumors. Rates of metastasis of jaw osteosarcoma were much lower than osteosarcoma found in the extremities, while mortality rates were comparable.

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