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Hybrid mandibular Bologna midline distractor in combination with surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion for transverse facial expansion: clinical and cephalometric results

Published:October 08, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2022.09.033

      Abstract

      Transverse maxillomandibular hypoplasia can be treated with surgically assisted rapid maxillary expansion (SARME) in association with mandibular symphyseal distraction (MSD). This paper introduces a hybrid mandibular Bologna midline distractor (BMD); the effectiveness of the distractor in combination with SARME for the treatment of transverse skeletal deficiency was evaluated. This two-centre study included 10 patients with a transverse arch width deficit>7 mm and dental crowding, in both the maxilla and mandible, treated with SARME and MSD. The study design was partly retrospective (seven patients) and partly prospective (three patients). Frontal and lateral cephalometric analyses, as well as measurements on dental models, were performed at three different times: before treatment, after the distraction, and 6 months after postoperative orthodontic treatment. The cephalometric analyses and measurements on dental impressions confirmed a balanced and stable skeletal and dental mandibular expansion. An average symphyseal expansion of 7.8 mm was obtained, resolving dental crowding without dental extractions. In conclusion, mandibular expansion performed with the BMD in combination with SARME appears to be a viable surgical approach to transverse maxillomandibular hypoplasia. This technique allows the surgeon to obtain a balanced skeletal and dental expansion, with a low level of relapse.

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