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Extracapsular dissection with a transparotid facial nerve dissection approach versus partial superficial parotidectomy for benign tumours in the tail of the parotid gland: a single-centre retrospective study of 89 patients

  • Z. Liu
    Correspondence
    Correspondence to: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Sanming First Hospital, 29 Liedong Street, Sanming, Fujian 365000, China.
    Affiliations
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Sanming First Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Sanming, Fujian, China
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  • B. Wang
    Affiliations
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Sanming First Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Sanming, Fujian, China
    Search for articles by this author
  • L. Yang
    Affiliations
    Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Sanming First Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Sanming, Fujian, China
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Published:September 17, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2022.09.003

      Abstract

      The aims of this study were (1) to evaluate the transparotid facial nerve dissection approach (TFND), in which the intraparotid cervicofacial or temporofacial division is identified first through a superficial lobe incision; and (2) to compare extracapsular dissection with a TFND (ECD-TFND) with partial superficial parotidectomy with a retrograde approach (PSP) for benign tumours in the tail of the parotid gland with respect to surgical outcomes. Eighty-nine patients underwent PSP or ECD-TFND for benign tumours in the tail of the parotid gland: 49 were treated surgically with PSP and 40 with ECD-TFND. The mean ( ± standard deviation) surgical time did not differ significantly between the groups: 64 ± 22.4 min for PSP and 59 ± 19.8 min for ECD-TFND (P = 0.302). There was a significant difference in sialocele: 18 (36.7%) patients in the PSP group and four (10%) in the ECD-TFND group (P = 0.002). There was also a significant difference in facial nerve injuries: temporary paralysis was observed in 13 (26.5%) patients in the PSP group and two (5%) in the ECD-TFND group (P = 0.007). It appears that TFND is a viable and safe approach when performing ECD for benign tumours in the tail of the parotid gland. ECD-TFND should be preferred over PSP for benign tumours in the tail of the parotid gland.

      Keywords

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