Clinical Paper Reconstructive surgery| Volume 52, ISSUE 4, P423-429, April 2023

Use of free flaps with supermicrosurgery for oncological reconstruction of the maxillofacial region

Published:August 17, 2022DOI:


      Supermicrosurgery involves the dissection and anastomosis of vessels<0.8 mm in diameter with minimal donor site morbidity. This study evaluated the feasibility and outcomes of free flaps using supermicrosurgery to repair oncological defects in the maxillofacial region. Forty-two patients were treated with supermicrosurgery to repair oncological defects in the maxillofacial region between December 2015 and February 2021. The supermicrosurgery technique was used for different types of free flap, including 24 superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator flaps, seven anterolateral thigh flaps, three peroneal artery perforator flaps, five medial femoral condyle osteo-adipofascial flaps, and three profunda artery perforator flaps. An artery-to-artery approach was used in 38 patients; venous grafts for anastomosis were used in four patients to resolve an arterial discrepancy. Forty-one flaps (97.6%) survived. Thirty-six patients (85.7%) healed without any complications; three flaps required revision surgery including one lost, one demonstrated wound dehiscence, and two demonstrated wound infection. Supermicrosurgery is a useful complement to conventional microsurgery in head and neck reconstruction.


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