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Merits of the free periosteal femoral condyle flap in the management of advanced mandibular osteoradionecrosis

      Abstract

      The management of advanced mandibular osteoradionecrosis (ORN) is poorly codified and requires repeated time-consuming, morbid surgical procedures. The free periosteal medial femoral condyle flap could be used for the management of extensive mandibular ORN with fracture, to avoid non-conservative surgery such as mandibulectomy. The purpose of this study was to report the authors’ experience using periosteal flaps for advanced ORN and to assess the therapeutic effectiveness of these flaps in this context. A series of 10 patients who underwent bone revascularization with a free periosteal femoral flap for the management of advanced ORN (Notani class III) is reported. The onset of bone consolidation, length of hospital stay, duration of surgery, donor site morbidity, and the option of dental rehabilitation in the event of a successful outcome were assessed. Osteogenesis was observed in 70% of cases. Thirty percent of patients benefited from dental implant rehabilitation. The mean follow-up was 73.1 months. No patient experienced any sequelae at the flap harvest site. In the authors’ opinion, the free periosteal medial femoral condyle flap appears to offer a therapeutic solution for patients with advanced stages of ORN.

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