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Aesthetic outcomes of upper eyelid blepharoplasty: a systematic review

  • Author Footnotes
    a Maria H.J. Hollander and Jurjen Schortinghuis contributed equally to the manuscript.
    M.H.J. Hollander
    Correspondence
    Address: Maria H. J. Hollander, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University Medical Centre Groningen, PO Box 30.001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands. Tel.: +31(0)503613841.
    Footnotes
    a Maria H.J. Hollander and Jurjen Schortinghuis contributed equally to the manuscript.
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Groningen and University Medical Centre Groningen (UMCG), Groningen, The Netherlands
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    a Maria H.J. Hollander and Jurjen Schortinghuis contributed equally to the manuscript.
    J. Schortinghuis
    Footnotes
    a Maria H.J. Hollander and Jurjen Schortinghuis contributed equally to the manuscript.
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Treant Scheper Hospital, Emmen, The Netherlands
    Search for articles by this author
  • A. Vissink
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Groningen and University Medical Centre Groningen (UMCG), Groningen, The Netherlands
    Search for articles by this author
  • J. Jansma
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Groningen and University Medical Centre Groningen (UMCG), Groningen, The Netherlands
    Search for articles by this author
  • R.H. Schepers
    Affiliations
    Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Groningen and University Medical Centre Groningen (UMCG), Groningen, The Netherlands
    Search for articles by this author
  • Author Footnotes
    a Maria H.J. Hollander and Jurjen Schortinghuis contributed equally to the manuscript.
Published:November 10, 2019DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijom.2019.10.014

      Abstract

      Although upper blepharoplasty is a common cosmetic surgical intervention, a better scientific understanding of the aesthetic results and the preferred surgical technique to achieve the best aesthetic results is still needed. A systematic search using four search engines (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane) was performed to identify any study on the aesthetic outcome of a solitary upper blepharoplasty; these were subjected to quality assessment for possible inclusion. Eligible studies were randomized controlled trials, controlled trials, cohort studies, and case series (n ≥ 10). A total of 4043 studies were assessed, of which 26 were included. Aesthetic outcomes included patient-reported outcome measures, scarring, eyebrow height, tarsal platform show, and panel or expert evaluation. Meta-analysis was not possible. Patients were generally satisfied with the aesthetic result and scar formation after an upper blepharoplasty. The amount of tarsal platform show increases, which positively affects the aesthetics. The eyebrow seems to move down slightly. The surgical technique used (skin only or skin/muscle removal) did not influence patient satisfaction or the physician-assessed aesthetic outcomes. Patients are generally satisfied after an upper blepharoplasty. The optimal design of the skin excision is still a matter of debate, especially when addressing lateral hooding. Further objective research is advised.

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