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Are intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid effective for the treatment of temporomandibular disorders? A systematic review

  • M.C. Goiato
    Correspondence
    Address: Marcelo Coelho Goiato, Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Aracatuba Dental School (UNESP), José Bonifácio, 1193, Vila Mendonça, CEP 16015-050, Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Tel: +55 18 36363287; Fax: +55 18 36363245.
    Affiliations
    Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Aracatuba Dental School, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil
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  • E.V.F. da Silva
    Affiliations
    Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Aracatuba Dental School, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil
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  • R.A. de Medeiros
    Affiliations
    Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Aracatuba Dental School, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil
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  • K.H.L. Túrcio
    Affiliations
    Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Aracatuba Dental School, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil
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  • D.M. dos Santos
    Affiliations
    Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, Aracatuba Dental School, Sao Paulo State University (UNESP), Aracatuba, Sao Paulo, Brazil
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      Abstract

      This systematic review aimed to investigate whether intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (HA) are better than other drugs used in temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis, for the improvement of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms. Two independent reviewers performed an electronic search of the MEDLINE and Web of Science databases for relevant studies published in English up to March 2016. The key words used included a combination of ‘hyaluronic acid’, ‘viscosupplementation’, ‘intra-articular injections’, ‘corticosteroids’, or ‘non steroidal anti inflammatory agents’ with ‘temporomandibular disorder’. Selected studies were randomized clinical trials and prospective or retrospective studies that primarily investigated the application of HA injections compared to other intra-articular medications for the treatment of TMD. The initial screening yielded 523 articles. After evaluation of the titles and abstracts, eight were selected. Full texts of these articles were accessed and all fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Intra-articular injections of HA are beneficial in improving the pain and/or functional symptoms of TMDs. However, other drug therapies, such as corticosteroid and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug injections, can be used with satisfactory results. Well-designed clinical studies are necessary to identify an adequate protocol, the number of sessions needed, and the appropriate molecular weight of HA for use.

      Key words

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